Adjustment of Status for Family-Based Immigrants: What to Expect


Embarking on the journey of family-based immigration is a significant step toward building a life with your loved ones in the United States. At Federal Immigration Counselors, P.C., we recognize the importance of a smooth Adjustment of Status process for family-based immigrants. This blog post will guide you through what to expect during this crucial phase.

Overview of Adjustment of Status

The Adjustment of Status (AOS) process applies to immigrants already in the United States and wish to obtain lawful permanent resident status, commonly known as a green card. This process is particularly relevant for family-sponsored immigrants, as it allows them to transition from a temporary immigration status to permanent residency.

Eligibility Criteria

Before delving into the details of the Adjustment of Status process, it's essential to ensure eligibility. Family-sponsored immigrants must have an approved immigrant petition filed on their behalf by a qualifying family member. Additionally, they should have a visa number immediately available to them, as visa numbers are subject to annual limits.

Filing Form I-485

The cornerstone of the Adjustment of Status process is filing Form I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status. This form is the official request to adjust your immigration status and should be submitted along with the required supporting documents and fees.

Biometrics Appointment

Once Form I-485 is filed, applicants are typically scheduled for a biometrics appointment. During this appointment, fingerprints, photographs, and a signature are collected. This information is crucial for conducting background checks and verifying the applicant's identity.

Work Authorization and Travel Permission

While waiting for the Adjustment of Status to be processed, family-based immigrants may also apply for work authorization and travel permission. These benefits provide flexibility and opportunities to work or travel outside the United States while the AOS application is pending.

Interview Process

One key aspect of the Adjustment of Status process is the potential requirement for an interview. USCIS could schedule an interview to assess the validity of the marriage or familial relationship and verify the information provided in the application. Adequate preparation and documentation are crucial for a successful interview.

Medical Examination

Another component of the AOS process is the required medical examination. Applicants must undergo a medical examination by an authorized Civil Surgeon and submit the necessary vaccination records and medical reports as part of the supporting documentation.

Security and Background Checks

Throughout the Adjustment of Status process, security and background checks are performed to ensure that the applicant meets all eligibility criteria and poses no security threats. These checks are integral to the overall immigration screening process.

Decision on the AOS Application

After completing the necessary steps, USCIS will decide on the Adjustment of Status application. This decision was communicated through official notice. If approved, the applicant receives their green card, marking the successful completion of the family-based immigration journey.

Navigating the Adjustment of Status process for family-based immigrants involves steps and requirements. At Federal Immigration Counselors, P.C., we aim to provide informative insights into this crucial phase of immigration. Understanding the process and being well-prepared is key to a successful Adjustment of Status, bringing you one step closer to building a future with your family in the United States.

Contact Federal Immigration Counselors, P.C. today to schedule a consultation!